War Victims and Reconstructive Nose Surgery

War victims were previously transferred to locations outside the war zone when their injuries required reconstructive plastic surgery. However, documentation was provided to support performing reconstructive plastic surgery at the war zone in order to prevent complications and increase the opportunity for stronger improvement from the injury.

According to some professionals, concerns about sterility and the prospect of infection were all reasons why Iraqi war victims were transferred out of the war zone for treatment. Yet, others had contended that delaying treatment was a reason why nose injuries would be difficult to repair adequately and may ultimately result in the need for additional surgery later on. The difficulty with repair that is delayed includes increased technical difficulty because the facial muscles are fibrous and may contract. There is also an increased risk of infection. When comparing all the risks, administrators felt it would be important to develop a goal for improvements to prevent inadequate results from reconstructive nose surgery. Thus, new guidelines for the treatment of nose injuries in war have been implemented to allow war victims that require nose surgery to remain in Iraqi for treatment. This allows nose injured victims to receive optimal treatment that may be three-dimensional in terms of needs by reducing the delay in treatment that may result from taking the victim out of the war zone for treatment.

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