Hyper-Pigmentation and Treatment Advancements

Hyper-pigmentation may be the result of the sun, medications, hormones or disease. The breakdown is, as follows:

Hormones: Unlevel hormones are a common reason for hyper-pigmentation. Hyper-pigmentation may occur as a result of pregnancy, estrogen imbalance, oral contraceptives, and hormone replacement therapy. Pregnancy caused hormone changes that may produce hyper-pigmentation may naturally improve following pregnancy. Hyper-pigmentation that does not naturally improve may otherwise improve with micro-dermabrasion, chemical peel and laser skin resurfacing treatments.

Sun:The sun can cause age spots that may be improved with laser skin resurfacing, micro-dermabrasion, and chemical peels.

Medical Conditions and Disease: Sexually transmitted diseases, diabetes, malaria, and Addison’s disease are some of the diseases that may produce hyper-pigmentation. Some types of hyper-pigmentation produced by disease may be treated with micro-dermabrasion, chemical peels and laser skin resurfacing.

The Advancements

There are several types of micro-dermabrasion manufacturers which assist with minimal types of hyper-pigmentation imperfections. There are also a variety of chemical peels which may be mild, moderate or greater in strength.

The greatest advancements have come in lasers, including: the IPL to treat large areas of hyper-pigmentation, CO2 lasers for smaller areas and Fraxel’s Restore laser which was recently introduced as a laser that can provide optimal treatment for hyper-pigmentation. In fact, each laser serves a different type of imperfection so it is important to screen several doctors in order to determine if the physician has the particular laser for your need as well as the level of experience that the physician or plastic surgeon has with a specific laser.

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